This is our First Aid Emergency Action Plan and it will teach you what to generally do in case of a first aid emergency.
First aid is given to those who have just gotten sick or injured. The practice includes self-help and homecare if medical assistance isn’t just possible.
Its main objectives are to
- help suffering
- stop further injury or danger
- extend life
THE FIRST AID EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN
Survey the scene
Ask and answer:
- Is it safe?
- Who else can help?
- Do you know first aid?
- Who needs first aid?
- What is the help available?
Do the Primary Survey
- Get consent
- Check for the patient’s consciousness
- Check for the patient’s airway (Head Tilt–Chin Lift Maneuver)
- Check for the patient’s signs of life
- Check for the patient’s sign of circulation (severe bleeding)
Call for Medical Assistance or Transfer Facility
Important information when calling for medical assistance
- What happened?
- The number of people injured.
- The extent of the injury and the first aid given.
- The number you’re calling from.
- The identity of the caller.
Do the secondary survey
- Interview the victim
- Ask for the victim’s name
- Ask what happened
- Assess the SAMPLE history
- S for Signs/Symptoms
- A for Allergies
- M for Medications
- P for Past Illnesses
- L for Last Oral Intake
- E for Events Leading Up
Check the vital signs
- Determine pulse rate (radial/carotid)
- Adult 60 to 100 per minute
- Child 70 to 150 per minute
- Infant 100 to 160 per minute
- Determine breathing (respiration rate)
- Adult 12 to 20 per minute
- Child 15 to 30 per minute
- Infant 25 to 50 per minute
Determine skin condition
- Color of face and lips
- Examine from head-to-toe looking for other injuries by means of palpation.
- Check if the patient has any deformity, contusion, abrasion, puncture, burn, tenderness, laceration, or swelling.
More in-depth topics about First Aid will have their own articles made in the future.
Want to know more stuff besides our First Aid Emergency Action Plan? Learn “What’s inside a first aid kid” today!