For you to survive, food procurement will be one of the things at the very top of your reserved list of needs. To secure food or more so meat from animals, you will need to kill. Such a thing you could do in a variety of ways. Through snares and traps, maybe some poison or what we will discuss here, through good old-fashioned hunting.
And to hunt, you will need the right tools, the right hunting devices. They should be enough to kill and should enough be reliable when doing so. These are but some basic hunting devices you can make use of. These are most useful and effective when going for some smaller game but you could still potentially do the same on even bigger beasts or rather animals.
Hunting Devices Food Survival: Rabbit Stick
This lengthy stout stick can make for a great killing or hunting weapon. And has so for how many generations of people since it was among the first weapons used by humans. Anyways, this weapon is especially effective when dealt with small game that have defensive mechanisms where they freeze and pause. The rabbit or throwing stick, also known by that moniker, is a simple survival weapon you can also throw even forcefully overhand or sidearm; hence “throwing”.
Hunting Devices Food Survival: Spear
You ought to be familiar with a spear. Simply put, it is a pole weapon that consists of a shaft and pointed head (blade, wood). Be mindful to jab and not throw when hunting.
Hunting Devices Food Survival: Bow and Arrow
It is fairly easy to make a short-term bow. If ever its spring gets lost or broken, replacing it would not be that much of a problem. To make a bow, you will require a hardwood stick.
Related: Projectile Survival Weapons
To make a bow, you ought to look for a stick that preferably is hardwood. It should approximately be a meter long. This stick needs to also be free from any knots or limbs. You meticulously must scrape the large end down until such being that it possesses the same pull as the smaller end. If you observe closely, you can get a feel of the stick’s natural curve.
Back to scraping, whenever you do so, always do it from the side facing you else you want the bow to break on the first pull. Instead of green wood, go for some dead dry wood. You can lash a second bow to the first one you made to effectively increase their pull together. Do so front to front, forming a kind of “X” when viewed from either of the sides. The tips of these bows you must attach with cordage. In regards to the bowstring, you only will need to use so on one of the bows.
For the arrows, the straightest dry sticks around must you choose. These should be half as long as to your bow. Each shaft you will need to scrape and smoothen all around. Make sure your shaft is straight or if not then straightened. Heating the shaft over, say, hot coals, can get you to bend the arrow straight. The shaft should not scorch or burn. Hold it straight until such time it cools off.
Using bone, glass, metal, or even pieces of rock, you can make arrowheads for your arrows. You may also want to just sharpen and then fire harden your shaft end. Do what we did previously with the hot coals for you to fire harden.
Notch, you must, your arrow ends for the bowstring. The notch you must cut or file and not split. Adding fletching (feathers) to the notched end can improve the flight of your arrows but is not necessary.
Hunting Devices Food Survival: Sling
Tying two pieces of cordage, approximately sixty centimeters in length, at opposite ends of a piece of leather or cloth sized as a palm can get you a sling. In the cloth, you will need to place a rock and wrap a cord around your middle finger and hold it in your palm. The other cord you must hold between your forefinger and thumb. In order to throw the rock you placed in the cloth earlier, you will need to spin the sling a couple of times. Spin it in a circle and between your thumb and forefinger you then release the cord to release . Like the rabbit stick, this is effective against small game.
Perhaps you would want to learn trap and snare basics instead for getting food.