The Fallkniven A1 Survival Knife is a heavy duty all-purpose semi-large knife made by the Swedish company, Fallkniven Knives. Today, to continue our trend of taking a look at different survival knives, we’re going to do a Fallkniven A1 review, covering this well-crafted blade of all its features and specifications.
Shotguns are some of the best long guns you can have. These beasts pack a punch, especially in close quarters. They work by scatter firing pellets called shots or solid projectiles called slugs. Moreover that, you can feed it different types of ammunition for different purposes making it a versatile thing.
Fire. It’s been with mankind since forever, right? Fulfilling so many of its needs and wants. Warmth, cooking, light…? What can’t it shed for us? When you talk about survival, it’s no secret that the ability to start a fire can sometimes be all the difference between life and death. Since it’s that important to have a grasp about, this guide will go into some fire survival basics.
Fire Survival Basics: Fire’s Pros and Cons
Fire is good
- for it can provide warmth;
- for it can help us cook;
- for it can shed light;
- for it can purify water;
- for it can sterilize bandages;
- for it can play the role as signal;
- for it can provide morale boosts;
- for it can ward off predators;
- for it can make weapons and tools;
but also bad
- for it can attract enemies;
- for it can destroy if uncontrolled;
- for it can poison;
Try to weigh in on both before creating one.
Fire Survival Basics: Basic Principles
There are three pillars to a fire. If any one of them is absent, there will be no fire. To enumerate, they are heat, fuel, and oxygen.
It kind of works like this. The heat first comes in contact with the fuel which creates a gas. That gas then proceeds to interact with oxygen or in other words with air. This interaction results in a fire.
Remember this triangle, for when you pull any of each out, the fire will fizzle out. Practice can lead to you being more effective in building fires. As it can give you a keener sense for the correct ratios to the triangle.
Fire Survival Basics: Choices
Deciding where to build a fire and in what arrangement is something you’ll encounter when you’re out there.
- the area, that includes the terrain and climate, you are in;
- the resources available;
- the time you have;
- the need for the fire;
- the security it can bring or risk;
Try to look for dry spots that
- are safe from the wind;
- are thoughtfully located according to your shelter;
- will concentrate heat to where you need;
- has a supply of wood or other fuel readily available.
Some other things to also take note of: Try to clear a spot for your fire if you’re in a wooded or similarly covered area. If you’re also in the capacity to do so, you can make a firewall to help move heat to where you want it.
Fire Survival Basics: Materials
In brief, creating fire only needs three types of materials. These are tinder, kindling, and fuel. Tinder is material that’s dry, and must remain as so. It also ignites with just little heat. Kindling, on the other hand, is readily combustible material that you add to burning tinder. And for fuel, it is notably less combustible material that burns slowly and steadily once lit.
There are several ways for one to create a fire but we’ll reserve most of those methods for the future. It is important to realize that all those methods work on these fundamentals.
Here are some “Primitive Fire Building Techniques” you can immediately get started with learning.
The survival kit is a bundle of items and supplies made in preparation for survival situations; either purposed by civilians or military. There is no one single kit to follow as situations and tastes differ. But, we can still take queues from what is most being commonly done.
Today, we’re going to help you know how to survive floods, at least in the most idyllic sense. These are overflows in water that submerge dry land. As a result of these “floods”, 200 people in the United States alone die each year. Furthermore, they can devastate communities as they invite the forces of water to crash against properties and homes.
Your safety will rely on your preparedness, course of action when warned and during said disaster, and how you caution yourself just right after. One last thing to note is that it is important to realize that floods don’t just kill through drowning but can also do so via other ways, namely: toppling over things and getting them wet which can cause them to short-circuit or ignite.
This ought to be your action plan
What to do to survive floods: Before
- Ask how safe your location is from floods.
- Get to know the flood warning system in your locale and make sure your family knows it.
- Keep informed of daily weather conditions.
- Plan an evacuation area.
- Assign family members instructions and responsibilities based on this plan.
- Keep food that needs not much cooking and or refrigeration as electricity can go off.
- Keep with you always a transistor radio and flashlight with spare batteries.
- Have emergency cooking equipment, candles, matches and first aid kits in case of an emergency.
- Store supplies and other appropriate household things above expected flood water level.
- Secure weak dwellings and items.
What to do to survive floods: When Warned
- Watch for rising flood waters.
- Listen to your radio for emergency instructions.
- If you think you need to evacuate, move to a safer area before flood waters block you off.
- Store drinking water in containers as water service might stop.
- Move household items to upper levels.
- Get livestock to higher ground.
- Switch off electricity at the main switch in the building before evacuating. Also, lock your house.
What to do to survive floods: During
- Avoid areas prone to flash floods.
- Do not try to cross rivers or flowing streams where water is above the knee.
- Beware of flooded roads and bridges.
- Do not swim or boat in bloated rivers.
- Eat only well-cooked food. Ward leftovers against contamination.
- Only drink clean or preferably boiled water.
What to do to survive floods: After
- Be careful to re-enter dwellings. Use flashlights, not lanterns or torches.
- Be alert for fire hazards like broken wires.
- Do not consume food and water until checking them for flood water contamination.
- Report broken utility lines, namely: electricity, water, gas and telephone, to proper authorities.
- Do not turn on the main switch or use wet appliances and other equipment until an electrician checks them.
- Consult health authorities for immunization requirements.
- Do not enter disaster areas. Your presence might disturb rescue and other emergency operations.
For more general information on how to survive Floods, be sure to also read our “Be Ready for Disaster: Flood Survival“.