A tsunami is a series of waves -destructive and very dangerous waves. It is a result of earthquake or other underwater disturbances. Tsunami survival is not easy: you need to be prepared, constantly vigilant, and calm. The last one is very difficult to achieve during catastrophe.
Preparedness is the most vital part of tsunami survival.
Start by checking hazards around your area.If your area is near the coast, you have to be more prepared for a tsunami than those inland. Check if your workplace, school, or home is prone to tsunamis. You might as well check the elevation of your place.Areas below sea level are considered hazardous. Local authorities know the areas with potential hazards.
Tsunamis usually affects areas around the ‘Pacific Ring of Fire’. This includes Chile, Western United States, Japan, and the Philippines. These areas are very vulnerable to earthquakes and tsunamis due to certain geological activities.
Prepare a safety pack that contains water, first-aid kit and some food. Keep it in a place well-known to your family members and loved ones. You can also prepare individual survival packs for everyone in your family.
Construct an evacuation plan. Consider the ‘sheltered’ places in your areas that would act as evacuation center. Discuss your evacuation plan among your family and colleagues. Do practice drills with your family. Plan multiple safety routes for every member of the family -this is to reunite you safely in the designated evacuation area.
Know the signs of a tsunami.
There are multiple signs that would tell you that a tsunami is coming. Be aware of it and evacuate in advance before the wave hits you. Knowing the signs is a good tsunami survival knowledge you should learn.
An earthquake is one of the main reason why there are tsunamis. After a strong earthquake, it is ideal to evacuate low-lying areas and move to higher ground. Click here for earthquake safety tips.
Look for unusual patterns of waves in the ocean. Before a tsunami, the sea recedes (draws back) into the ocean. This rapid change in seawater is a sign that you should evacuate immediately.
Animals have extreme senses. If you see your pets acting weirdly, there must be something wrong – do not overlook your pet’s behaviors. However, these are not very reliable. The best thing to do is consult with the authorities and gather reliable information.
If the government sends out an evacuation warning, heed the call and evacuate immediately. Help distribute information and warn others also.
Surviving the disaster
GO HIGHER is the most basic rule in surviving a tsunami. the higher the ground you’re on, the safer you will be. If you are trapped and you cannot go to the hills, climb the strongest and highest point. A strong building or a tall tree.
Abandon belongings. Save more lives than property. Trying to save belongings will make you lose precious time. Just grab your emergency pack and go.
If you’re caught in the water, the best thing to do is stay afloat. Hold onto nearby tree trunk, boards or house parts. Keep yourself above the water as much as possible to avoid sharp debris underwater.
Be vigilant and be always prepared! That is the best tsunami survival skill.